Xochimilco

2010
12.27

Xochimilco

Wikipedia (inglés)

Xochimilco is one of the sixteen delegaciones or boroughs within Mexican Federal District. It is located within Mexico City, 28 kilometres (17 mi) south of the city center.[1] To the north it has borders with Coyoacán, Tlalpan and Iztapalapa; to the west with Tláhuac; and to the southeast with Milpa Alta. It covers an area of 122 km2; it is the third biggest delegación.

Xochimilco is better known for its extended series of canals — all that remain of the ancient Lake Xochimilco. Xochimilco has kept its ancient traditions, even though its proximity to Mexico City influences that area to urbanize. Movies such as María Candelaria (1940) have given that area a romantic reputation where all inhabitants travel in colorful trajineras (Xochimilco boats) between chinampas covered with flowers.

Today, agriculture is an important but minor activity; the canals represent only a small fraction of their former extent, Chinampería (chinampa-related activities). It was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1987.[1]

The name Xochimilco comes from Nahuatl, and means “some place with flowers”. It is pronounced [?o?t?i?mi??ko] in Nahuatl and [sot?i?milko] in Spanish.

Español

Xochimilco es un topónimo de origen náhuatl. Deriva de las palabras x?chi(tl) (flor); m?l(li) (campo cultivado); y -co (locativo). Por lo tanto, se puede traducir como Lugar en la sementera de las flores o Campo de flores.[4] El emblema actual de la delegación Xochimilco no está reglamentado por ninguna ley. Se deriva de las representaciones conocidas de la época prehispánica que pudieron conservarse en documentos históricos de origen colonial, como los códices nahuas del centro de México. En la Tira de la Peregrinación el glifo Xochimilco identifica a una de las tribus que salió de Aztlán con los mexicas. Este glifo consiste en un logograma que representa la tierra cultivada, sobre él se encuentra la representación de una flor, de acuerdo con las convenciones estilísticas precolombinas.


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